Rosa Parks biography :
- Rosa Parks was born in February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama. When Parks was two, her parents, James and Leona McCauley, separated. She is grew up in her grandparent’s farm ; for his education, she attended segregated schools. This grandparents were former slaves and strong advocates for racial equality. Taught to read by her mother at a young age, Parks attended a segregated, one-room school in Pine Level, Alabama, that often lacked adequate school supplies such as desks. African-American students were forced to walk to the 1st- through 6th-grade schoolhouse, while the city of Pine Level provided bus transportation as well as a new school building for white students. Beginning at age 11, Parks attended the city's Industrial School for Girls in Montgomery.
- In 1929, while in the 11th grade and attending a laboratory school for secondary education
led by the Alabama State Teachers College for Negroes, Parks left school to attend to both her sick grandmother and mother back in Pine Level.
- Parks didn't return to her studies; instead, she got a job at a shirt factory in Montgomery. In 1932, at age 19, Parks met and married Raymond Parks, a barber and an active member of the NAACP.
- Parks' childhood brought her early experiences with racial discrimination and activism for racial equality, Parks became actively involved in civil rights issues by joining the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP in 1943 After graduating high school with Raymond's support.
- Rosa Parks was a major figure in the civil rights struggle of the black people in america, she refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a segregated bus led to the Montgomery, Alabama for her defiance On December 1, 1955, Parks was arrested. Later, her bravery led to nationwide efforts to end racial segregation. Parks was awarded the Martin Luther King Jr. Award by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the city taxi system is etablish and it was used by African Americans but Black citizens were arrested for violating an antiquated law prohibiting boycotts.
- In June 1956, the district court declared racial segregation laws unconstitutional. The city of Montgomery appealed the court's decision shortly thereafter, but on November 13, 1956, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the lower court's ruling, declaring segregation on public transport to be unconstitutional. On October 24, 2005, Parks quietly died in her apartment in Detroit, Michigan at the age of 92.
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